Transylvania offers a great biodiversity. Especially its cultivated landscapes, on which traditional
agricultural activities occur on a small scale, belong to the species-richest regions in Europe.
Particularly, the extensively used meadows and hay harvests are rich in insects and
amphibians, as well as typical meadow birds. Meadows and deciduous forests dominate the
natural landscape. As in broad parts of Transylvania, the emigration waves of the German
speaking minority and the social change after the turn led to land set-aside. Even this way, this
traditional cultivated landscape and its unique biodiversity could not disappear if the land use
were not intensified.
The biodiversity of Transylvania is unique in Europe: there is an interaction of extensively
cultivated lands, „intact“ villages and traditional agriculture, as in other parts of Europe in the 19 th
century. Besides the rich hayfields occur also wolves and bears in the relatively low regions of